Present Perfect Tense


Usage and Examples

This is used to express what someone has done. It is generally the same as in English.

He ido a Toledo.
I've been to Toledo.

¿Has leído este libro?
Have you read this book?

Regular verbs
There are 2 groups (-ar and -er/-ir verbs).
These are present of haber + -ado (for -ar verbs) or haber + -ido (for -er/-ir verbs)
-ar verbs -er/-ir verbs
yo he llegado he salido
has llegado has salido
él, ella, Ud. ha llegado ha salido
nosotros/as hemos llegado hemos salido
vosotros/as habéis llegado habéis salido
ellos, ellas, Uds. han llegado han salido


Irregular Verbs
Some verbs are irregular in that the past participle does not end in -ado or -ido
verb present perfect meaning
abrir he abierto I have opened
cubrir he cubierto I have covered
decir he dicho I have said
descubrir he descubierto I have discovered
freír he frito I have fried
hacer he hecho I have made/done
morir ha muerto He has died
poner he puesto I have put
romper he roto I have broken
ver he visto I have seen
volver he vuelto I have returned


Differences in use to English
A - The present perfect is NOT used to indicate an action still in progress. To express an ongoing action that began in the past, the present tense is used:

Hace dos años que vivo aquí.
I've been living here for 2 years.

B - The present perfect is NOT used to express to have JUST done something. Use acabar + de + infinitive

Acabamos de oír la noticia.
We've just heard the news.


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Practice:  Present Perfect Irregular Verbs

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