Commands


 

Commands
There are 2 groups. -ar and -er/-ir verbs.
Postive sing. Postive pl. Negative sing. Negative pl.
Familiar -ar habla hablad no hables no habléis
Familiar -er/ir come comed no comas no comáis
Polite -ar hable hablen no hable no hablen
Polite -er/-ir coma coman no coma no coman

 

Common irregular commands

Infinitive Familiar positive Familiar negative
poner (to put) pon no pongas
tener (to have) ten no tengas
venir (to come) ven no vengas
salir (to leave) sal no salgas
ser (to be) no seas
decir (to say) di no digas
ir (to go) ve no vayas
hacer (to do/make) haz no hagas
Note - Most verbs with an irregular first person (oigo, pongo, conozco, construyo) have the same irrugalrity in the negative familiar, positive polite and negative familiar.

 

Relexive Verb Commands
Structure
The pronoun (me, te, se, etc.) is placed:
A - After and joined to the verb in positive commands
B - Before and separate to the verb in negative commands
lávate - Wash yourself (familiar)
lávese - Wash yourself (polite)
no te laves - Don't wash yourself (familiar)
no se lave - Don't wash yourself (polite)

Structure with lo, la, los, las
These are added in the same way:
lávatelas - Wash them (your hands)
cómelo - Eat it
no lo comas - Don't eat it
no lo comáis - Don't eat it (to more than 1 person)


 



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Practice:  Commands


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