Passive


 
How to form the passive
A - Use ser + past participle

Los regalos fueron escogidos por Ana
The presents were chosen by Ana

B - Passive Voice with Se

Aquí se venden naranjas.
Oranges are sold here.


 

Ser + Past Participle
A - Remember to decline ser and make the past participle agree with the noun.

Este aparato es fabricado por una compañía española.
This machinery is manufactured by a Spanish firm.

Cuba fue descubierta en 1492 por Cristóbal Colón.
Cuba was discovered in 1492 by Columbus.

B - Remember to use ser for actions and estar for states.

La casa es pintada cada año
The house is painted each year. (action - somebody paints the house)

La casa está pintada de verde.
The house is painted green. (state - that's how the house is)


 

Passive Voice with Se

Colombia se conoce como "La Puerta de Suramérica".
Colombia is known as "The Gateway to South America".

Se ofrecen viajes verdes.
Green trips are available.

Se dice que hay un fantasma en este castillo.
It's said that there's a ghost in this castle.

La piscina se terminará el año que viene.
The swimming pool will be finished next year.


 



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Practice:  Passive


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